The US Congress established the Grand Canyon as a National Park in 1919, recognizing its beauty as well as its geological, ecological and cultural richness. In 1979, the United Nations classified the canyon as a “World Heritage Site”.
The Grand Canyon National Park receives nearly 5 million visitors each year. Most visitors come to the south shore, which is open all year round. The tourist season peaks during the summer months (June to August), although spring (March to May) and autumn (September to October) are becoming more and more popular.
The north shore (open from mid-May to mid-October) has fewer developments than the south shore and is located 346 km (or 5 hours by road) from the south shore.
Location: Northwest Arizona
Closest City: Grand Canyon
Surface area: 4900 km²
Average altitude: 2092 meters
Type: National Park
Particularities: The largest canyon in the world: 446 km long, width between 1.5 and 26 km, depth over 1.6 km.The age of rock layers has up to 1.7 billion years. Natural parks listed as UNESCO World Heritage in 1979.
Contact: Grand Canyon National Park PO Box 129 Grand Canyon, AZ 86023 Tel: (928) 638-7888
Official link: http://www.nps.gov/grca/index.htm
World Heritage Site
The south shore is located 100 km north of Williams, Arizona, by Highway 64 from Interstate 40; And 130 km north of Flagstaff, by Highways 180 and 64.
There is limited air service at Grand Canyon Airport (Grand Canyon Airport) in Tusayan, south of the park for flights from Las Vegas (Nevada) and Scottsdale (Arizona).
Greyhound bus lines and Amtrak rail services serve the cities of Flagstaff and Williams. Transportation shuttles can be obtained from Flagstaff to the south shore. A rail service is offered by Grand Canyon Railway from Williams. The train leaves Williams Station at 9:30 am and arrives at Grand Canyon Station at 11:45. It leaves Grand Canyon Station at 3:30 pm, arriving at Williams at 5:45 pm
The north shore is more isolated. It can be reached by car via Highways 89A and 67. The nearest major airport is Las Vegas, 426 km to the west. The only public transit to the north shore is the Trans-Canyon Shuttle seasonal shuttle.
The entry price is fixed at 25 dollars per vehicle and at 12 dollars per pedestrian motorcycle or cyclist.
Admission fees include the south shore and the north shore.
The entrance ticket is valid for 7 days for the vehicle (whether you are alone or 5). You can also get the America’s Beautiful Pass.
The visit of a good part of the Grand Canyon is done by shuttle bus with total freedom to go down or to climb at each stop. Count 6 hours to visit the Grand Canyon without hiking.
On average, it takes more than 8 hours of round trip, without stopping, to reach the colorado river from the south shore.
The hike is longer from the north shore.
For those who descend by the south shore and wish to ascend by the north shore, to envisage 2 days (21miles).
Your first stop should be the park’s visitor center. This is where all the park information is located. You will find brochures with the map of the park. Rangers are there for you. Do not hesitate to ask them questions. You will also find often a small bookstore, sometimes exhibitions and projected films.
Grand Canyon Bus
The park operates a free shuttle system in the vicinity of the Grand Canyon Village on the south shore. The shuttles traverse three interconnected loops (without overlap).
They are equipped with bicycle racks, access ramps for wheelchairs, as well as a specific device that reduces walking height.
Wheelchairs over 76 cm wide and over 121 cm deep (ie most electric scooters for the disabled) are not allowed in the shuttles.
The Village Route route serves the Grand Canyon Village, its hotels, restaurants, and other service areas, and provides access to the Visitor Center on Canyon View Information Plaza. This loop works all year round.